Himachal Pradesh is situated in the western Himalayas region in the northern part of India. Himachal Pradesh is a green pearl in the Himalayan crown blessed with the world’s wealthiest reservoirs of biological diversity & rich flora and fauna. You know that every state in India has a different climate, vegetation & wildlife according to the region and geography. There are many species that are found in one state but not in other states. In this blog, know about the state bird, animal and flower of Himachal Pradesh.
State Bird Of Himachal Pradesh
- Common Name: Western Tragopan
- Scientific Name: Tragopan Melanocephalus Grey
- Local Name: Jujurana in Kullu Valley, Pyara in Kinnaur region, Jyazi in Bushahr and Fulgar in Chamba and Kangra districts.
Western Tragopan is the State Bird of Himachal Pradesh as it has replaced the Monal bird. It is also known as the national bird of Himachal Pradesh. Male Western Tragopan is dark bright greyish-black in colour spotted with several white dots. They possess a conspicuous red colour with blue pores. They have a short crest along their crown with two brightly coloured fleshy horns and a cloured lappet that hangs from the throat.
Females are more brownish-grey in colour and lack the colourful adornments of males. The weight of the male is 1.75 to 2.25 Kg and the female weight is between 1.25 to 1.50 Kg. The size of males is between 65 to 73 cm & females’ size is 55 to 65 cm. Western Tragopan is considered to be monogamous. They build their nest either on the ground or in the trees.
Also Read: Himachal Pradesh History
State Animal Of Himachal Pradesh
- Common Name: Snow Leopard
- Scientific Name: Panthera Uncia
- Local Name: Him Tendua or Burfani Cheetha
Snow leopards are often referred to as the “Ghost of Mountains” Now it is the state Animal of Himachal Pradesh as it has replaced the musk deer. The snow leopard is also known as the national bird of Himachal Pradesh. It is a stunning animal with long thick fur that act as an insulating blanket during the harsh climate of mountains. The physique colour of the snow leopard is cream yellow to white-grey with yellow-tinged fur and has dark grey or black rosettes or spots over the physique. The long and thick tails of snow leopards help them to maintain function and balance during harsh climates and stability in steep and rocky terrain.
The size of the Snow leopard is 90 to 130 cm and the size of the tail is between 70 to 100 cm. The weight of a male leopard is between 45 to 60 Kg and females weight is between 30 to 45 Kg. Snow leopards have short vocal cords so they cannot roar like other big cats, however, they can snarl, growl, yowl and meow.
State Flower of Himachal Pradesh
- Common Name: Pink Rhododendron
- Scientific Name: Rhododendron campanulatum
- Local Name: Burans, Cherailu, Chimul
Pink Rhododendron is a Himachal Pradesh state flower, and this is a very beautiful flower with pink-tinged to purple-white flowers arranged like a small bell about 1-1.5 inches long. These flowers bloom from spring to April and May month. This flower species is like and shrub or small tree up to 5 meters. It is found in the forest of HP located in an excessive and bloodless climate. This flower is known for its medicinal and ayurvedic uses. Native of Himachal uses these flowers to make the sauce (chutney) during the summer to prevent heat strokes.
Also Read: National Parks in Himachal Pradesh
Why Himachal Pradesh’s Wildlife and Nature Conservation Matters:
Himachal Pradesh’s rich biodiversity and pristine landscapes are a source of pride for the state and a vital role in maintaining ecological balance. Protecting the Western Tragopan, Snow Leopard, and Pink Rhododendron, along with other species and habitats, is crucial for preserving the natural heritage of Himachal Pradesh for future generations.
Exploring the state bird, animal, and flower of Himachal Pradesh has unveiled a world of beauty and wonder. The Western Tragopan, Snow Leopard, and Pink Rhododendron exemplify the diverse and captivating nature that thrives in this Himalayan state. By understanding and appreciating these natural treasures, we can contribute to their conservation and ensure their existence for years to come. So let’s cherish and protect Himachal Pradesh’s unique flora and fauna, allowing them to enchant and inspire future generations.
1. What is the national flower of Himachal Pradesh?
The pink Rhododendron is the national flower of Himachal Pradesh, Locally Known as ‘Gulabi Buransh’
2. What is the national bird of Himachal Pradesh?
The western tragopan is the national bird of Himachal Pradesh, Locally Known as ‘jujurana ‘
3. What is the national animal of Himachal Pradesh?
The Snow leopard is the national bird of Himachal Pradesh, Locally Known as ‘Him Tendua’
4. Which is the state tree of Himachal Pradesh?
The deodar is the state tree of Himachal Pradesh, India.